Liberty UPSC Exam Pattern.

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Syllabus & Materials of Exam

The Exam Pattern

Different types of batches are organized in UPCS course. Each batch has different time and subjects in different groups. You can click here to know more.


General Studies 2 hours
(200 Marks)
General Studies 2 hours
(200 Marks)

(1) Both the question paper will be of objective type (2) The general aptitude paper - 2 pf the prelim exam will be qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33% (3) The question paper will be set in Hindi and English both languages.


Language (Qualifying Papers)
(300 Marks)
English (Qualifying Papers)
(300 Marks)
Paper 1
Essaycan be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice
(250 Marks)
General Studies-1 Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society
(250 Marks)
General Studies-2 Governance, constitution, polity, social justice and international relations.
(250 Marks)
General Studies-III Technology, economic development, bio-diversity, environment, security and disaster management
(250 Marks)
General Studies-IV Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude
(250 Marks)
Optional Subject - Paper 1
(250 Marks)
Optional Subject - Paper 2
(250 Marks)

Candidate is allowed to take up literature as an optional subject "without the condition of having it at the graduation level".

List of optional subject for mains exam paper 6 & 7
  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Zoology
  7. Geology
  8. Physics
  9. Mathematics
  10. Statistics
  11. Economics
  12. Sociology
  13. Political Science & International Relations
  1. Psychology
  2. Civil Engineering
  3. Electric Engineering
  4. Mechanical Engineering
  5. Commerce & Accountancy
  6. Geography
  7. History
  8. Law
  9. Management
  10. Medical Science
  11. Philosophy
  12. Public Administration
  1. Arabic
  2. Assame
  3. Bengali
  4. Chinese
  5. English
  6. French
  7. Hindi
  8. German
  9. Gujarati
  10. Kannada
  11. Kashmiri
  12. Konkani
  13. Marathi
  1. Malayalam
  2. Manipuri
  3. Nepali
  4. Pali
  5. Persian
  6. Punjabi
  7. Oriya
  8. Sanskrit
  9. Sindhi
  10. Russian
  11. Tamil
  12. Telugu
  13. Urdu


IAS Candidate can give preference of the language in which they may like to be interviewed. UPSC will make arrangement for the translators.

NOTE: Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER A & B will be counted for merit ranking by the UPSC. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination. Aspirants can log on to UPSC's official website( seethe Latest notification.
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Preliminary Examination Syllabus of UPSC

Paper 1
(200 Marks) Duration: 2 hours

  Current events of national and international importance.
  History of India and Indian National Movement.
  Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
  General Science.

Paper 2
(200 Marks) Duration: 2 hours

  Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
  Decision making and problem solving;
  General mental ability;
  Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. -Class X level);

Mains Exam Syllabus of UPSC

Paper A
Language (Qualifying Papers)
(300 Marks)
Candidate can take any Language Mentioned in 8th Schedule of Constitution
Paper B
English (Qualifying papers)
(300 Marks)
This Paper is of Qualifying Nature
Paper 1
(250 Marks) Duration: 3 hours

Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper 2

General Studies 1

Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

 Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
 Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present significant events, personalities, issues.
 The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.
 Post-independence consolidation and reorganization with in the country.
 History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.-their forms and effect on the society.
 Salient features of lndian Society, Diversity of India.
 Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
 Effects of globalization on Indian society.
 Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism &secularism.
 Salient features of world's physical geography.
 Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).
 Important Geophysical phenomena such as Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper 3

General Studies 2

Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

 Indian Constitution-historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
 Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
 Separation of powers between various organs dispute red ressal mechanisms and institutions.
 Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries.
 Parliament and State legislatures-structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
 Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary-Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
 Salient features of the Representation of People1sAct.
 Appointmentto various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
 Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
 Development processes and the development industry -the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
 Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
 Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
 Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
 Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
 Role of civil services in a democracy.
 India and its neighborhood- relations.
 Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting lndia1s interests.
 Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
 Important International institutions, agencies and fora-their structure, mandate.

Paper 4

General Studies 3

Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management

 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
 Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
 Government Budgeting.
 Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, - different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System - objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
 Food processing and related industries in India - scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
 Land reforms in India.
 Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
 Investment models.
 Science and Technology-developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
 Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
 Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
 Disaster and disaster management.
 Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
 Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
 Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
 Security challenges and their management in border areas- linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
 Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Paper 5

General Studies 4

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

 This paper wlll Include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to Issues retatrng tD Integrity, probity In public life and his problem sollllng approach to various Issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. Thefollowingbroad arees will be covered:
 Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics In-human actions; dimensions of ethics; Ethics - in private and public relationships. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of (feat leaders, reformers and administt8tors; role of famllysoclet,yandeduc:atlonal lnstltutlons In lnculc:atlngvalues.
 Attitude: content. structure, function; it8 influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and polltlc:al attitudes; social Influence and persuasion.
 Aptitude and foundational values for Civil service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, obJec:ttvtty, dedication to publlc service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
 Emotional lntemgenCCH:oncepts, and their utlltues and appllcatlon rn administration and governance.
 Contributionsof moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
 Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in govemment and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and consclenC9 as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values In governance; ethlcal Issues In International retationsand funding; corporate governance.
 Probity In Governance: Concept of publlc service; Phllosophlcal basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government. Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work Culture, Quality of Service delivery, utilization of Public Funds, Ctiallenges of Corruption.
 Case Studies on above issues.


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